First of all,please upvote for visibility + more opinions- this concernsall of us. Also, if you're stupid enough to think you'll get away with avoiding tax's despite KYC'ing to Coinbase & Binance don't bother commenting. News flash! you're gonna end up paying that tax in the long run + huge fines eating into your gains (or even putting you into debt). Anyways... I started investing in 2017. As a noob I did what most people did, chased multiple shitcoins, bought and sold various different pumps getting wrecked along the way. Then towards the end of the year, my portfolio increased significantly... but I DIDN'T sell - so I didn't "crystalise" any gainz. (I sold a couple hundred here and there during hard financial times, but I'm guessing nothing close to the free capital gains allowance). Fast forward just over 2 years, since then I've been buying BTC/ETH/XMR on a consistent basis. It's getting to the point where if I were to sell enough of my stack, I'd owe tax as it'd be over the "allowed" CGT threshold. That leads me to my question... how the fuck are you supposed to calculate capital gains tax when it comes to crypto? For the past 3 years I've traded in and out of alt-coins on multiple exchanges (some of which don't even exist anymore). It would be easy if it was just FIAT IN vs FIAT OUT, but the fact that CRYPTO to CRYPTO is considered taxable just makes it a nightmare! On top of that I did some freelance work (paid in BTC) which adds to the complexity. Take another example of what confuses me: Say I bought 1BTC on Coinbase in 2017, then 1BTC on Kraken in 2018, then 0.5BTC on Coinbase again in 2019, and hold them all in the same wallet. Then if I were to sell 0.5BTC in 2020, what Bitcoin was actually sold? Half of the 1 BTC bought in 2017? Is it FIFO? I genuinely don't know where to start and need help. I don't want to be in a shitty situation (for example some massive 2017-esque bull run happens just before the end of the tax year and I decide to cash out and have 3 days to sort shit out). I want to be prepared. I've come across services such as https://www.cointracker.io/ /https://bitcoin.tax/ etc but feel really hesitant to give quasi-unknown companies full read access to my wallet addresses, portfolio amount, personal email address etc. Privacy is key in the crypto space and I don't want another attack vector especially after seeing much more established companies such as Ledger fucking up (idiots) and losing my personal data. What do I do? I've even thought of selling EVERYTHING to FIAT and immediately buying it all back and taking whatever fine comes my way on the chin just so I can clearly track crypto transactions and not have to stress about it. If anyone has experience with crypto tax's please share any information that may be valuable to me/all the many others that are in the same situation as me. TL;DR: Bought loads of Bitcoin and Shitcoins throughout the past 3 years, finally starting to total up to an amount that'd be taxable if I sold a chunk - dafuq do I do regarding Taxes?
Concerns about Nano's position when Bitcoin fees begin to sky rocket
So, I have been told that one if the best ways Nano will get adoption and visibility is when Bitcoins fees start to creep back to $50 average or even higher and show an ineffective transaction network. People will then start to look into cheaper and faster networks and Nano will be high on that list. However, I dont know if it will be that easy. My two big concerns are exchanges and search results. 1) Most new comers to crypto will use exchanges like Coinbase or Paypal. When they see issues with Bitcoin their first place to look for another coin will be those same exchanges and therefore they will find coins like BCH, Ripple, Stellar, Ehtereum, Litecoin, ect which will all have lower fees and times than Bitcoin. Buying Nano on Kraken or Binance.Us is not easiest experience for a new comer and the volume there is not great either. 2) If someone actually looks for a better coin using google they will only find Nano if the google "feeless cryptocurrency," for this search Nano is in the top results. However, if they google "fast cryptocurrency" or "cheap to send crypto" they got a bunch of results that don't refer to Nano
First one to find the three hidden cultural references gets some moons.
What's this all about? I purchased $100 of each of Top Ten Cryptos in Jan. 2018, haven't sold or traded. Did the same in 2019 and 2020. Learn more about the history and rules of the Experimentshere.
September - BTC, although -8%, outperforms the field this month.
Overall since Jan. 2018 - Bitcoin miles ahead of the pack, and only one close-ish to break even point.
Combining all three three years, Top Ten cryptos underperforming S&P if I'd taken a similar approach.
Month Thirty Three – Down 76%
2018 Top Ten Summary for September After a rough start to September, crypto spent the month trying in vain to claw back ground. While a few coins rebounded quite a bit from the monthly lows, most ended up finishing the month significantly down. Out of the 2018 Top Ten group, Bitcoin lost the least, down -8% in September. NEM followed it’s winning August (yes, you read that right) with the poorest performance, down -26%.
Question of the month:
Which cryptocurrency exchange won approval to create America’s first crypto bank in September?
A) Binance B) Binance.us C) Kraken D) Coinbase Scroll down for the answer.
Ranking and September Winners and Losers
Rank of 2018 Portfolio - 50% no longer in Top Ten A lot of shuffling in September. On the upside, Bitcoin Cash and Cardano gained one place each landing at #5 and #10 respectively. Cardano gets special mention for re-entering the Top Ten. Heading the wrong direction were IOTA, NEM, Dash, and Stellar each falling two or three spots. The big story though, for long time crypto watchers, was the ejection of Litecoin from the Top Ten, down five places from #7 to #12 in just one month. For some context, Litecoin’s absence from the Top Ten is a Top Ten Experiment first. It is also the first time since CoinMarketCap has tracked crypto rankings that Litecoin has not been in the Top Ten. Drop outs: After thirty-three months of this experiment 50% of the cryptos that started 2018 in the Top Ten have dropped out. NEM, Litecoin, Dash, IOTA, and Stellar have been replaced by Binance Coin, Tether,BSV, LINK, and most recently, DOT. September Winners – Although it lost -8% of its value, this month’s W goes to Bitcoin. ADA gets second place, down -15% and climbing back into the Top Ten. September Losers – As most probably expected after an extremely out of character victory last month, NEM came back down to earth in September, bigly, down -26%. Litecoin finished right behind, down -24% and dropping out of the Top Ten. For the overly competitive, below is a tally of the winners of the first 33 months of the 2018 Top Ten Crypto Index Fund Experiment. Bitcoin still has the most monthly wins (8) and Cardano in second place with 6 monthly wins. With its poor September performance, NEM now has 7 monthly losses. Ws and Ls - One clear winner Every crypto has at least one monthly win and Bitcoin is unique as the only cryptocurrency that hasn’t lost a month yet since January 2018.
Overall update – BTC solidly in the lead, followed by ETH. Dash in the basement, LTC drops out of the Top Ten.
Even though BTC took a bit of a detour on its way back to break-even point, it is still far ahead of the field, down -17% since January 2018. The initial investment of $100 thirty-three months ago is now worth about $83. Second place Ethereum is down -49% over the same time period. At this point in the 2018 Top Ten Experiment, Dash is at the bottom. It is currently worth $70.49, down from a January 1st, 2018 starting price of over $1,000. That’s a loss of -93%. The initial $100 invested in Dash 33 months ago is now worth $6.77. The big story this month is LTC’s departure from the Top Ten, the first time since I started the experiment back in January 2018. Whether or not it will eventually fend off the new generation of coins remains to be seen, but it certainly is noteworthy to have one of the most well known and long standing cryptos drop out of the Top Ten. Consider pouring one out for Litecoin.
Total Market Cap for the entire cryptocurrency sector:
The crypto market lost over $35B in September and is down -39% since January 2018. The value of the overall crypto market is near where it was in August of this year, just a few months back. As painful as the beginning of the month was, looking at a table like this helps with perspective, especially if you’re panic prone.
After steadily dipping for months, BitDom increased a bit in September, up to 57.5%. For some context: since the beginning of the experiment, the range of Bitcoin dominance has been quite wide: we saw a high of 70% BitDom in September 2019 and a low of 33% BitDom in February 2018.
Overall return on $1,000 investment since January 1st, 2018:
The 2018 Top Ten Portfolio lost -$50 this month. If I cashed out today, the $1000 initial investment would return about $238, down -76% from January 2018. September broke an encouraging upward trend, but at least the portfolio is taking a break from the -80% range. Here’s a look at the ROI over the life of the experiment, month by month, for some context: 33 Monthly ROIs on Top Ten since Jan 2018 The absolute bottom was -88% back in January 2019. So the Top Ten Cryptos of 2018 are down -76%. What about the 2019 and 2020 Top Tens? Let’s take a look:
So overall? Taking the three portfolios together, here’s the bottom bottom bottom line: After a $3000 investment in the 2018, 2019, and 2020 Top Ten Cryptocurrencies, my combined portfolios are worth $3,340 ($238+ $1,538 +$1,564). That’s up about +11% for the three combined portfolios, compared to +31% last month. Here’s a table to help visualize: Combined ROI on $3k over 3 years - UP +11% That’s a +11% gain by investing $1k on whichever cryptos happened to be in the Top Ten on January 1st for three straight years. But surely you’d do better if you went all in on one crypto, right? Depends on your choice. Let’s take a look: ETH for the win Only five cryptos have started in the Top Ten for all three years: BTC, ETH, XRP, BCH, and LTC (unless Litecoin can make a comeback by the 1st of Jan. 2021, it’s not going to make the four year club!). Knowing what we know now, which one would have been best to go all in on? Ethereum, by a pretty good margin: the initial $3k would be up +104%, worth $6,118 today. The worst choice of a basket to put all your eggs in at this point in the experiment is XRP, down by almost one third.
Comparison to S&P 500:
I’m also tracking the S&P 500 as part of the experiment to have a comparison point with other popular investments options. The S&P 500 Index fell from an all time high in August, but is currently up +26% since January 2018. S&P since Jan. 2018 The initial $1k investment into crypto on January 1st, 2018 would have been worth about $1260 had it been redirected to the S&P. But what if I took the same invest-$1,000-on-January-1st-of-each-year approach with the S&P 500 that I’ve been documenting through the Top Ten Crypto Experiments? Here are the numbers:
$1000 investment in S&P 500 on January 1st, 2018 = $1260 today
$1000 investment in S&P 500 on January 1st, 2019 = $1350 today
$1000 investment in S&P 500 on January 1st, 2020 = $1050 today
Taken together, here’s the bottom bottom bottom line for a similar approach with the S&P: After three $1,000 investments into an S&P 500 index fund in January 2018, 2019, and 2020, my portfolio would be worth $3,660. That is up +22%since January 2018, compared to a +11% gain of the combined Top Ten Crypto Experiment Portfolios. That’s an 11% swing in favor of the S&P 500 and breaks a two month mini-streak of wins from the Top Ten crypto portfolios. S&P vs. Top Ten Crypto Experiments That’s seven monthly victories for the S&P vs. two monthly victories for crypto. The largest gap so far was a 22% difference in favor of the S&P in June.
September was a tough month for both traditional and crypto markets. What’s next for the rest of 2020? More volatility is no doubt to come as we enter the last quarter of a truly unpredictable and exhausting year. Buckle up. Thanks for reading and for supporting the experiment. I hope you’ve found it helpful. I continue to be committed to seeing this process through and reporting along the way. Feel free to reach out with any questions and stay tuned for progress reports. Keep an eye out for my parallel projects where I repeat the experiment twice, purchasing another $1000 ($100 each) of two new sets of Top Ten cryptos as of January 1st, 2019 then again on January 1st, 2020.
And the Answer is…
C) Kraken According to an official announcement in September, Kraken is “the first digital asset company in U.S. history to receive a bank charter recognized under federal and state law.”
Ultimate glossary of crypto currency terms, acronyms and abbreviations
Here's Why There's a Decline of Bitcoin Trading Volume in October
According to a report by CryptoCompare, crypto trading volumes decreased by 17.6% last month, which is a surprise for those holding the crypto market was just filled with good news last week. October saw Bitcoin spiraled upward, reaching a peak of $15,889 on Friday, up from roughly $10,500 at the beginning of last month. However, as per the report, there were large decreases in overall spot trading volumes for exchanges that accurate figures are considered to be posted by the market research firm. On Binance platform, the trading volume hit $75.7 billion, a 33.1% decrease in comparison with last month. Huobi Global posted volumes of $41.7 billion, down 31.4%. Volumes on OKEx which suspended the service of withdrawals following police apprehended its co-founder, showed a 42% decrease. Coinbase fell 17.5% to $11.3 billion, Kraken fell by 13% down to $6.5 billion, and Liquid fell by 4.3% to $6.1 billion. https://preview.redd.it/ln2xcsearby51.jpg?width=880&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e229346c9c687e11273340bac9fb681c90791890 Pedro Febrero - an analyst at Quantum Economics - noted that the decline is due to two potential reasons. "First, it seems an increasing number of coins are being HODLed," he stated. Febrero believed that the increased number of active Bitcoin addresses indicates that how "there has been lots of activity," and the average transaction value increased last month as well. He held that "Both metrics show that users are in fact using BTC, but they are not sending it to exchanges." CryptoCompare's spokesperson Constantine Tsavliris echoed his opinion. "The higher volatility in September and Bitcoin's decline from $12,000 to $10,000 generated significant trading volume. In October, there has been an almost uninterrupted rally and this lack of price reversal and volatility has led to a decline in month-on-month volumes," he stated. The second reason Febrero believed is that traders are locking in Bitcoin on decentralized exchange Uniswap, which seemingly takes advantage of liquidity fees provided by the protocol or trades on the exchange. Over the past 30 days, the total amount of Bitcoin locked in Uniswap had increased from 24,000 Bitcoin to 30,000 Bitcoin, as per the metrics site DeFi Pulse. "What this shows is a continuation of the yearly trend that more and more users are switching from [centralized exchanges, such as Binance] to [decentralized exchanges, such as Uniswap]," said Febrero. Uniswap's daily trading volume actually once outpaced that of Coinbase Pro over the summer. As noted by a dashboard on Dune Analytics, volumes have decreased by 18% over the past month. However, volumes remain still higher than before the beginning of bull run over the summer. http://en.icointime.com/post/705762298159.html
Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses. Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes. First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure: Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:
Alice might take the assets and disappear.
Alice might spend the assets and pretend that she still has them (fractional model).
Alice might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Alice might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Alice might lose access to the assets.
But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
Alice can't take the assets and disappear (unless she asks Bob or never gives them to Bob).
Alice can't spend the assets and pretend that she still has them. (Unless she didn't give them to Bob or asks him for them.)
Alice can't store the assets insecurely so they get stolen. (After all - she doesn't have any control over the withdrawal process from any of Bob's systems, right?)
Alice can't give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force. (Bob will stop her, right Bob?)
Alice can't lose access to the funds. (She'll always be present, sane, and remember all secrets, right?)
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
Bob might take the assets and disappear.
Bob might spend the assets and pretend that he still has them (fractional model).
Bob might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Bob might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Bob might lose access to the assets.
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are! "On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid". "Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since." "As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!" "Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?" "Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party." "Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!" "What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven." "Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!" "We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies. And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often". How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen? Just one. Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so? If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security. The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle. And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet? Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds. So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
ANY CERTAINTY BALANCES WEREN'T EXCLUDED. Quadriga's largest account was $70m. 80% of funds are in 20% of accounts (Pareto principle). All it takes is excluding a few really large accounts - and nobody's the wiser. A fractional platform can easily pass any audit this way.
ANY VISIBILITY WHATSOEVER INTO THE CUSTODIANS. BitBuy put out their report before moving all the funds to their custodian and ShakePay apparently can't even tell us who the custodian is. That's pretty important considering that basically all of the funds are now stored there.
ANY IDEA ABOUT THE OTHER EXCHANGES. In order for this to be effective, it has to be the norm. It needs to be "unusual" not to know. If obscurity is the norm, then it's super easy for people like Gerald Cotten and Dave Smilie to blend right in.
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
First report within 1 month of launching, another within 3 months, and further reports at minimum every 6 months thereafter.
No auditor can be repeated within a 12 month period.
All reports must be public, identifying the auditor and the full methodology used.
All auditors must be independent of the firm being audited with no conflict of interest.
Reports must include the percentage of each asset backed, and how it's backed.
The auditor publishes a hash list, which lists a hash of each customer's information and balances that were included. Hash is one-way encryption so privacy is fully preserved. Every customer can use this to have 100% confidence they were included.
If we want more extensive requirements on audits, these should scale upward based on the total assets at risk on the platform, and whether the platform has loaned their assets out.
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever. Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see. It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation. A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7. History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance. Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.) Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive. Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today. Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well. Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do. Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):
The inspiration for the paragraph about splitting wallets was an actual quote from a Canadian company providing custodial services in response to the OSC consultation paper: "We believe that it will be in the in best interests of investors to prohibit pooled crypto assets or ‘floats’. Most Platforms pool assets, citing reasons of practicality and expense. The recent hack of the world’s largest Platform – Binance – demonstrates the vulnerability of participants’ assets when such concessions are made. In this instance, the Platform’s entire hot wallet of Bitcoins, worth over $40 million, was stolen, facilitated in part by the pooling of client crypto assets." "the maintenance of participants (and Platform) crypto assets across multiple wallets distributes the related risk and responsibility of security - reducing the amount of insurance coverage required and making insurance coverage more readily obtainable". For the record, their reply also said nothing whatsoever about multi-sig or offline storage.
In addition to the fact that the $40m hack represented only one "hot wallet" of Binance, and they actually had the vast majority of assets in other wallets (including mostly cold wallets), multiple real cases have clearly demonstrated that risk is still present with multiple wallets. Bitfinex, VinDAX, Bithumb, Altsbit, BitPoint, Cryptopia, and just recently KuCoin all had multiple wallets breached all at the same time, and may represent a significantly larger impact on customers than the Binance breach which was fully covered by Binance. To represent that simply having multiple separate wallets under the same security scheme is a comprehensive way to reduce risk is just not true.
Private insurance has historically never covered a single loss in the cryptocurrency space (at least, not one that I was able to find), and there are notable cases where massive losses were not covered by insurance. Bitpay in 2015 and Yapizon in 2017 both had insurance policies that didn't pay out during the breach, even after a lengthly court process. The same insurance that ShakePay is presently using (and announced to much fanfare) was describe by their CEO himself as covering “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held,” which is something that has never historically happened. As was said with regard to the same policy in 2018 - “I don’t find it surprising that Lloyd’s is in this space,” said Johnson, adding that to his mind the challenge for everybody is figuring out how to structure these policies so that they are actually protective. “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
The most profitable policy for a private insurance company is one with the most expensive premiums that they never have to pay a claim on. They have no inherent incentive to take care of people who lost funds. It's "cheaper" to take the reputational hit and fight the claim in court. The more money at stake, the more the insurance provider is incentivized to avoid payout. They're not going to insure the assets unless they have reasonable certainty to make a profit by doing so, and they're not going to pay out a massive sum unless it's legally forced. Private insurance is always structured to be maximally profitable to the insurance provider.
The circumvention of multi-sig was a key factor in the massive Bitfinex hack of over $60m of bitcoin, which today still sits being slowly used and is worth over $3b. While Bitfinex used a qualified custodian Bitgo, which was and still is active and one of the industry leaders of custodians, and they set up 2 of 3 multi-sig wallets, the entire system was routed through Bitfinex, such that Bitfinex customers could initiate the withdrawals in a "hot" fashion. This feature was also a hit with the hacker. The multi-sig was fully circumvented.
Bitpay in 2015 was another example of a breach that stole 5,000 bitcoins. This happened not through the exploit of any system in Bitpay, but because the CEO of a company they worked with got their computer hacked and the hackers were able to request multiple bitcoin purchases, which Bitpay honoured because they came from the customer's computer legitimately. Impersonation is a very common tactic used by fraudsters, and methods get more extreme all the time.
A notable case in Canada was the Canadian Bitcoins exploit. Funds were stored on a server in a Rogers Data Center, and the attendee was successfully convinced to reboot the server "in safe mode" with a simple phone call, thus bypassing the extensive security and enabling the theft.
The very nature of custodians circumvents multi-sig. This is because custodians are not just having to secure the assets against some sort of physical breach but against any form of social engineering, modification of orders, fraudulent withdrawal attempts, etc... If the security practices of signatories in a multi-sig arrangement are such that the breach risk of one signatory is 1 in 100, the requirement of 3 independent signatures makes the risk of theft 1 in 1,000,000. Since hackers tend to exploit the weakest link, a comparable custodian has to make the entry and exit points of their platform 10,000 times more secure than one of those signatories to provide equivalent protection. And if the signatories beef up their security by only 10x, the risk is now 1 in 1,000,000,000. The custodian has to be 1,000,000 times more secure. The larger and more complex a system is, the more potential vulnerabilities exist in it, and the fewer people can understand how the system works when performing upgrades. Even if a system is completely secure today, one has to also consider how that system might evolve over time or work with different members.
By contrast, offline multi-signature solutions have an extremely solid record, and in the entire history of cryptocurrency exchange incidents which I've studied (listed here), there has only been one incident (796 exchange in 2015) involving an offline multi-signature wallet. It happened because the customer's bitcoin address was modified by hackers, and the amount that was stolen ($230k) was immediately covered by the exchange operators. Basically, the platform operators were tricked into sending a legitimate withdrawal request to the wrong address because hackers exploited their platform to change that address. Such an issue would not be prevented in any way by the use of a custodian, as that custodian has no oversight whatsoever to the exchange platform. It's practical for all exchange operators to test large withdrawal transactions as a general policy, regardless of what model is used, and general best practice is to diagnose and fix such an exploit as soon as it occurs.
False promises on the backing of funds played a huge role in the downfall of Quadriga, and it's been exposed over and over again (MyCoin, PlusToken, Bitsane, Bitmarket, EZBTC, IDAX). Even today, customers have extremely limited certainty on whether their funds in exchanges are actually being backed or how they're being backed. While this issue is not unique to cryptocurrency exchanges, the complexity of the technology and the lack of any regulation or standards makes problems more widespread, and there is no "central bank" to come to the rescue as in the 2008 financial crisis or during the great depression when "9,000 banks failed".
In addition to fraudulent operations, the industry is full of cases where operators have suffered breaches and not reported them. Most recently, Einstein was the largest case in Canada, where ongoing breaches and fraud were perpetrated against the platform for multiple years and nobody found out until the platform collapsed completely. While fraud and breaches suck to deal with, they suck even more when not dealt with. Lack of visibility played a role in the largest downfalls of Mt. Gox, Cryptsy, and Bitgrail. In some cases, platforms are alleged to have suffered a hack and keep operating without admitting it at all, such as CoinBene.
It surprises some to learn that a cryptographic solution has already existed since 2013, and gained widespread support in 2014 after Mt. Gox. Proof of Reserves is a full cryptographic proof that allows any customer using an exchange to have complete certainty that their crypto-assets are fully backed by the platform in real-time. This is accomplished by proving that assets exist on the blockchain, are spendable, and fully cover customer deposits. It does not prove safety of assets or backing of fiat assets.
If we didn't care about privacy at all, a platform could publish their wallet addresses, sign a partial transaction, and put the full list of customer information and balances out publicly. Customers can each check that they are on the list, that the balances are accurate, that the total adds up, and that it's backed and spendable on the blockchain. Platforms who exclude any customer take a risk because that customer can easily check and see they were excluded. So together with all customers checking, this forms a full proof of backing of all crypto assets.
However, obviously customers care about their private information being published. Therefore, a hash of the information can be provided instead. Hash is one-way encryption. The hash allows the customer to validate inclusion (by hashing their own known information), while anyone looking at the list of hashes cannot determine the private information of any other user. All other parts of the scheme remain fully intact. A model like this is in use on the exchange CoinFloor in the UK.
A Merkle tree can provide even greater privacy. Instead of a list of balances, the balances are arranged into a binary tree. A customer starts from their node, and works their way to the top of the tree. For example, they know they have 5 BTC, they plus 1 other customer hold 7 BTC, they plus 2-3 other customers hold 17 BTC, etc... until they reach the root where all the BTC are represented. Thus, there is no way to find the balances of other individual customers aside from one unidentified customer in this case.
Proposals such as this had the backing of leaders in the community including Nic Carter, Greg Maxwell, and Zak Wilcox. Substantial and significant effort started back in 2013, with massive popularity in 2014. But what became of that effort? Very little. Exchange operators continue to refuse to give visibility. Despite the fact this information can often be obtained through trivial blockchain analysis, no Canadian platform has ever provided any wallet addresses publicly. As described by the CEO of Newton "For us to implement some kind of realtime Proof of Reserves solution, which I'm not opposed to, it would have to ... Preserve our users' privacy, as well as our own. Some kind of zero-knowledge proof". Kraken describes here in more detail why they haven't implemented such a scheme. According to professor Eli Ben-Sasson, when he spoke with exchanges, none were interested in implementing Proof of Reserves.
And yet, Kraken's places their reasoning on a page called "Proof of Reserves". More recently, both BitBuy and ShakePay have released reports titled "Proof of Reserves and Security Audit". Both reports contain disclaimers against being audits. Both reports trust the customer list provided by the platform, leaving the open possibility that multiple large accounts could have been excluded from the process. Proof of Reserves is a blockchain validation where customers see the wallets on the blockchain. The report from Kraken is 5 years old, but they leave it described as though it was just done a few weeks ago. And look at what they expect customers to do for validation. When firms represent something being "Proof of Reserve" when it's not, this is like a farmer growing fruit with pesticides and selling it in a farmers market as organic produce - except that these are people's hard-earned life savings at risk here. Platforms are misrepresenting the level of visibility in place and deceiving the public by their misuse of this term. They haven't proven anything.
Fraud isn't a problem that is unique to cryptocurrency. Fraud happens all the time. Enron, WorldCom, Nortel, Bear Stearns, Wells Fargo, Moser Baer, Wirecard, Bre-X, and Nicola are just some of the cases where frauds became large enough to become a big deal (and there are so many countless others). These all happened on 100% reversible assets despite regulations being in place. In many of these cases, the problems happened due to the over-complexity of the financial instruments. For example, Enron had "complex financial statements [which] were confusing to shareholders and analysts", creating "off-balance-sheet vehicles, complex financing structures, and deals so bewildering that few people could understand them". In cryptocurrency, we are often combining complex financial products with complex technologies and verification processes. We are naïve if we think problems like this won't happen. It is awkward and uncomfortable for many people to admit that they don't know how something works. If we want "money of the people" to work, the solutions have to be simple enough that "the people" can understand them, not so confusing that financial professionals and technology experts struggle to use or understand them.
For those who question the extent to which an organization can fool their way into a security consultancy role, HB Gary should be a great example to look at. Prior to trying to out anonymous, HB Gary was being actively hired by multiple US government agencies and others in the private sector (with glowing testimonials). The published articles and hosted professional security conferences. One should also look at this list of data breaches from the past 2 years. Many of them are large corporations, government entities, and technology companies. These are the ones we know about. Undoubtedly, there are many more that we do not know about. If HB Gary hadn't been "outted" by anonymous, would we have known they were insecure? If the same breach had happened outside of the public spotlight, would it even have been reported? Or would HB Gary have just deleted the Twitter posts, brought their site back up, done a couple patches, and kept on operating as though nothing had happened?
In the case of Quadriga, the facts are clear. Despite past experience with platforms such as MapleChange in Canada and others around the world, no guidance or even the most basic of a framework was put in place by regulators. By not clarifying any sort of legal framework, regulators enabled a situation where a platform could be run by former criminal Mike Dhanini/Omar Patryn, and where funds could be held fully unchecked by one person. At the same time, the lack of regulation deterred legitimate entities from running competing platforms and Quadriga was granted a money services business license for multiple years of operation, which gave the firm the appearance of legitimacy. Regulators did little to protect Canadians despite Quadriga failing to file taxes from 2016 onward. The entire administrative team had resigned and this was public knowledge. Many people had suspicions of what was going on, including Ryan Mueller, who forwarded complaints to the authorities. These were ignored, giving Gerald Cotten the opportunity to escape without justice.
There are multiple issues with the SOC II model including the prohibitive cost (you have to find a third party accounting firm and the prices are not even listed publicly on any sites), the requirement of operating for a year (impossible for new platforms), and lack of any public visibility (SOC II are private reports that aren't shared outside the people in suits).
Securities frameworks are expensive. Sarbanes-Oxley is estimated to cost $5.1 million USD/yr for the average Fortune 500 company in the United States. Since "Fortune 500" represents the top 500 companies, that means well over $2.55 billion USD (~$3.4 billion CAD) is going to people in suits. Isn't the problem of trust and verification the exact problem that the blockchain is supposed to solve?
To use Quadriga as justification for why custodians or SOC II or other advanced schemes are needed for platforms is rather silly, when any framework or visibility at all, or even the most basic of storage policies, would have prevented the whole thing. It's just an embarrassment.
We are now seeing regulators take strong action. CoinSquare in Canada with multi-million dollar fines. BitMex from the US, criminal charges and arrests. OkEx, with full disregard of withdrawals and no communication. Who's next?
We have a unique window today where we can solve these problems, and not permanently destroy innovation with unreasonable expectations, but we need to act quickly. This is a unique historic time that will never come again.
Australia to become first crypto-friendly IPO by accepting Tether
An Aussie organization working a hydroponics ranch in Malaysia is directing the principal first sale of stock to acknowledge crypto resources in Australia. https://preview.redd.it/b9esxf8nx7x51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f5fa096179a32647bd3f7e685c7d697e3428689a Australia's crypto-accommodating capital-raising stage Stax has declared its customer West Coast Aquaculture Group, or WCA will direct the nation's first sale of stock that acknowledges virtual cash as installment. Speculators taking an interest in WCA's contribution can buy value in the organization utilizing Tether (USDT) or Australian dollars. USDT was picked over Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) because of its value dependability. Stax CEO Kenny Lee underlined that stablecoins offer the advantages of cryptographic money without the instability of other computerized resources:
“The acceptance of USDT in an IPO is a transformative move in Australia and a significant step forward for cryptocurrency adoption in general. It paves the way for the future of capital markets down under.”
Lee noted Stax is thinking about help for extra stablecoins in the future. WCA works a huge marine ranch in Langkawi, Malaysia, where it essentially creates new Grouper fish for discount and retail clients in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Malaysia. The capital raised will be utilized for asset extensions including the acquisition of a new incubation centre and nursery offices. WCA is offering between 10 million and 14 million offers at $0.50 each, speaking to somewhere in the range of 8.78% and 11.87% of the complete access. The base objective is $5 million. After the raise, WCA's arrangements for its offers to drift on the Sydney Stock Exchange, with the offers expected to start exchanging close to Nov. 19 SSX CEO Michael Go commended Stax for encouraging a capital raise supporting USDT, expressing:
“This is a first, and historic development in the Australian market which will dictate the future of capital raising, particularly for growth companies.”
Usually, bull markets attract a lot of new investors - although speculators should be the right word here - and as usual, a lot of them are going to be crushed a way or another. First, before putting a single dollar, euro or whatever in the market, you should read a lot to know exactly what you're looking for. Are you here for the tech and/or the cypherpunk ethos ? Great, there's lot of resources out there (my links are cleaned but as always, do your due diligence) :
The Bitcoin Whitepaper, the one and only : bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Since I'm linking to bitcoin.org, friendly reminder to avoid bitcoin.com, owned by a former supporter now con-artist Roger Ver.
Andreas Antonopoulos website : https://aantonop.com Andreas is one of best guys able to educate on bitcoin and its properties, for free, which helps.
Jameson Lopp website : lopp.net Jameson is a member of Bitcoin Core, cypherpunk, also able to educate a lot. His website is full of free resources and other links. You'll have a lot to read.
Hal Finney : he's unfortunately dead but I would advise to read about Hal Finney, the first to receive bitcoin Satoshi. A great cryptographer, the inventor of the first reusable PoW and one of the first bitcoin supporters. You'll be able to find his messages on this old forum Bitcoin Talk, by the way you'll be able to find the first chats about bitcoin on this forum bitcointalk.org
Monero website : getmonero.org Yep, I know it's gonna be controversial to post an altcoin link but personally, I think that Monero (aka XMR) is the only other coin with a big cypherpunk community, decentralized, and able to help newcomers with a great sense of responsibility, since the ethos here is to save privacy.
What Bitcoin Did : of course, Peter is controversial but I love him and I find his former blog and his podcasts very needed because he doesn't oversell himself. Pete knows that he's not a tech guy (like many of us) and just wants to spread the word, I think he does a good job with this.
Now, you've read and you want to put some skin in the game. Several exchanges are acceptable, a lot of aren't, be careful and assume that none really are (know that I won't post any ref links) :
to me, the best, although it's UI is quite old : Kraken €/$/pound/swiss franc on-off ramp
Coinbase and Coinbase Pro Difficult not to mention Coinbase, although I can't stand Brian Armstrong and the way they are doing their best to support scams currently. You should rather use Coinbase Pro if you have to since the fees are much lower.
Binance Binance came later than the previous ones but has managed to take most of the market. Now, you should remember what I said about being careful.
Huobi The biggest chinese exchange and they work closely with chinese official. Again, careful.
Bittrex Once at the top, now somewhere in the limbs.
A lot of new comers came recently like btse, ftx, feel free to try them while always keeping in mind that once your money is on exchanges, it's not yours anymore.
This was for centralized exchanges aka CEX. Talking about custodial, you'll need wallets to store your (bit)coins. Always try to use non-custodial wallets, which means wallets that give you your private keys. This way, if the software goes down, you can always retreive your money. Now, I won't link to all the existing wallets but will advise you to buy hardware wallets (trezor or ledger but there are others) or to create (on off-gap computers) paper wallets you're able to store safely (against all risks, not only robbery but housefire). You also could use your memory with brain wallets but, my gosh, I wouldn't trust myself. For Bitcoin (or even Litecoin), Electrum software can do a good job (but save your keys). AGAIN, DON'T KEEP YOUR SAVINGS ON AN EXCHANGE Now, about trading : it's been repeated and repeated but don't chase pumps and altcoins. Yep, it's probably the fastest way to make money. It's also the fastest to lose it. I won't lie : I made good money during the 2017-bullrun and I took profits but I also forgot to sell some shitcoins thinking it would keep going up, now I'm still holding these bags (although I don't really care). I know that a lot forgot to take profits. Take profits, always take profits, whatever your strategy is. Don't fall for people trying to sell you their bags, for ICOs trying to sell you a product which isn't released yet and obviously, don't fall for people asking for your private key. Also, know that there's two endgames : accumulating bitcoin or fiat. I'm rather in the first team but whatever your strategy is, take profits. (Yes, I know, some will say accumulating ethereum or something else). It's true that a lot of ethereum holders made a lot of money during the last bullrun (ethereum helped me make money too) but I'm really biased in favor of bitcoin (and monero). So, pick your coin but again, do your due diligence. A lot of people here or there will talk about the best tech, the fact that bitcoin is old and slow. I would need another post to go further on this point but know that a lof of air flight systems are old too but reliable. Trustless and reliable is the point here. This is the post from someone who bought bitcoin seven or six years ago, who lost part of them, who spent part of them (but don't regret this at all), who is still learning and I hope it will help others, although it would need a book to be complete.
10-31 22:06 - '[Serious] How to deal with Crypto Tax 2020?' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/finbar93 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 338-348min
''' First of all,please upvote for visibility + more opinions- this concernsall of us. Also, if you're stupid enough to think you'll get away with avoiding tax's despite KYC'ing to Coinbase & Binance don't bother commenting. News flash! you're gonna end up paying that tax in the long run + huge fines eating into your gains (or even putting you into debt). Anyways... I started investing in 2017. As a noob I did what most people did, chased multiple shitcoins, bought and sold various different pumps getting wrecked along the way. Then towards the end of the year, my portfolio increased significantly... but I DIDN'T sell - so I didn't "crystalise" any gainz. (I sold a couple hundred here and there during hard financial times, but I'm guessing nothing close to the free capital gains allowance). Fast forward just over 2 years, since then I've been buying BTC/ETH/XMR on a consistent basis. It's getting to the point where if I were to sell enough of my stack, I'd owe tax as it'd be over the "allowed" CGT threshold. That leads me to my question... how the fuck are you supposed to calculate capital gains tax when it comes to crypto? For the past 3 years I've traded in and out of alt-coins on multiple exchanges (some of which don't even exist anymore). It would be easy if it was just FIAT IN vs FIAT OUT, but the fact that CRYPTO to CRYPTO is considered taxable just makes it a nightmare! On top of that I did some freelance work (paid in BTC) which adds to the complexity. Take another example of what confuses me: Say I bought 1BTC on Coinbase in 2017, then 1BTC on Kraken in 2018, then 0.5BTC on Coinbase again in 2019, and hold them all in the same wallet. Then if I were to sell 0.5BTC in 2020, what Bitcoin was actually sold? Half of the 1 BTC bought in 2017? Is it FIFO? I genuinely don't know where to start and need help. I don't want to be in a shitty situation (for example some massive 2017-esque bull run happens just before the end of the tax year and I decide to cash out and have 3 days to sort shit out). I want to be prepared. I've come across services such as [[link]3 /[[link]4 etc but feel really hesitant to give quasi-unknown companies full read access to my wallet addresses, portfolio amount, personal email address etc. Privacy is key in the crypto space and I don't want another attack vector especially after seeing much more established companies such as Ledger fucking up (idiots) and losing my personal data. What do I do? I've even thought of selling EVERYTHING to FIAT and immediately buying it all back and taking whatever fine comes my way on the chin just so I can clearly track crypto transactions and not have to stress about it. If anyone has experience with crypto tax's please share any information that may be valuable to me/all the many others that are in the same situation as me. TL;DR: Bought loads of Bitcoin and Shitcoins throughout the past 3 years, finally starting to total up to an amount that'd be taxable if I sold a chunk - dafuq do I do regarding Taxes? ''' [Serious] How to deal with Crypto Tax 2020? Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: finbar93 1: www**oin*rac**r.io/ 2: bitc*i**tax/ 3: *ww.co*ntra*ker*i*/]*^1 4: bi*coi**tax/*^^2 Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
However, Kraken has joined those who are supporting the Bitcoin Cash node Group. The crypto trading platform, which recently received a license to operate as a bank, said it will support the Bitcoin Cash Node irrespective of the outcome of the proposed hard fork. The exchange also revealed it has the intention of using the “BCH” ticker for the non-developer fund implementation. It also confirmed its support and stance by referencing less than 1% of those for Bitcoin Cash ABC against the 70% of a network offering support for Bitcoin Cash Node. According to the exchange, it will credit users who are holding BCH during the Bitcoin hard fork with the same number of Bitcoin Cash ABC. The exchange also stressed that it will happen only when the new version attracts enough hashpower. Some other exchange platforms have accepted that they are going to take snapshots of user balances. They will also credit their accounts with any new crypto formed during the hard-fork. Okex, Huobi, and Binance are some of the exchanges that have agreed to credit user accounts with the newly formed crypto. https://blog.kraken.com/post/6795/bitcoin-cash-hard-fork-on-november-15-what-kraken-clients-need-to-know/
The Undiscovered Facts Behind Money Laundering, Cryptocurrency, and Banks
A week ago, a lot of documents known as the FinCEN documents were delivered, enumerating how the absolute greatest banks on the globe move trillions of dollars in dubious exchanges for suspected psychological militants, kleptocrats, and drug top dogs. Also, the U.S. government has neglected to stop it. https://preview.redd.it/lme57jyyx1r51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=014ead7b7b812b3d6cbaf4a141eeec123589121b The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network ("FinCEN"), an agency inside the Treasury Department, accused of battling tax evasion, psychological militant financing, and other monetary violations. An assortment of "dubious movement reports" offers a window into budgetary debasement, and how governments can't or reluctant to stop it. Benefits from destructive medication wars, fortunes stole from creating nations, and hard-earned investment funds taken in Ponzi plans, all course through money related establishments, in spite of admonitions from bank workers. These reports are available to US law enforcement agencies and other nations’ financial intelligence operations. Although FinCEN is aware of the money laundering activities, it lacks the authority to stop it. Money laundering is more than a financial crime. It is a tool that makes all other crimes possible - from drug trafficking to political crimes. And banks make it all possible. In a detailed expose, BuzzFeedNews named several of the most trusted banks. Current investigations show that even after fines and prosecutions, well-known JPMorgan Chase JPM (+0.9%), HSBC, Standard Chartered, Deutsche Bank, and Bank of New York Mellon BK (+0.8%) are all involved in moving funds for suspected criminals. The current money related framework generally protects the banks and its heads from the indictment, inasmuch as the bank documents a notification with FinCEN that it might be encouraging crime. The dubious movement alert adequately gives the banks a free pass. Thus, unlawful finances keep on moving through banks into different businesses from oil to amusement to land, further isolating the rich from poor people, while the banks we have developed to trust, make everything conceivable. As indicated by the United Nations, the assessed measure of cash laundered universally in one year is 2 to 5% of the worldwide GDP, or $800 billion to $2 trillion, with more than thank 90% of illegal tax avoidance going undetected today. Simultaneously, the cryptocurrency industry has likewise been condemned for being an apparatus for tax evasion, in spite of insights expressing something else. It is assessed that solitary 1.1% of all digital currency exchanges are illegal. During its initial days, Bitcoin was generally connected with the Silk Road, an online dim net commercial center, where clients could buy weapons and unlawful medications namelessly. Be that as it may, with the developing utilization of the Bitcoin organization, 42 million Bitcoin wallets, and checking, it is getting progressively conceivable to follow exchanges on open blockchains, while private financial exchanges stay covered up on display. This week, I had a chance to plunk down with Chanpeng Zhao "CZ", the Founder and CEO of Binance, the biggest cryptographic money trade by volume on the planet, to get his interpretation of illegal tax avoidance both in the customary and the computerized fund universes. Coming up next are a couple of features from our meeting: Much obliged to you for going along with us today, CZ. As you would see it, for what reason is illegal tax avoidance especially destructive to our economy? CZ: As monetary administration suppliers, it is our obligation to battle unlawful action. Everybody shares this duty. Yet, regularly once the principles are set up, individuals will attempt to get around the guidelines. What's more, there are individuals who simply need more business, and knowing or unconsciously will encourage these exchanges. We live in an intricate world, where one nation may see a go about as criminal and the other may not. Many individuals have a high contrast see, yet the world is really dim. Not all banks are honest and not all crypto organizations are terrible. The digital currency industry has experienced harsh criticism for encouraging unlawful exchanges. How would you think conventional money and digital currency businesses analyze in such manner? CZ: If you are utilizing Bitcoin, it is a straightforward record. When you have a couple of exchanges, you can follow the assets right back to where the coins were mined. So along these lines, blockchain really gives a straightforward record to everybody to dissect. In the event that you piece together a couple of information focuses and do a group examination, it isn't that difficult for a calculation to break down the beginning. Security coins are more earnestly to follow, yet their market top isn't unreasonably high, making bigger exchanges more troublesome. So to be completely forthright, it is a lot simpler to make illegal exchanges utilizing fiat than utilizing crypto. How might you analyze the volume of illegal exchanges in crypto versus fiat? CZ:It's likely a thousand times less. Essentially, for any important measure of cash you need to move in the crypto, it is exceptionally difficult to move it namelessly. There are outsider checking devices and information bases that can coordinate a considerable lot of the addresses to known people. The digital currency market top is little to the point, that in the event that you are moving a $100 million dollars, you can't do as such without experiencing an incorporated trade, making it considerably simpler to follow. The cryptographic money space overall was begun by Satoshi Nakomoto as to some degree a campaign against the defilement of banks. Remarkably, the beginning square of Bitcoin contained a commentary tending to the bailouts of banks in 2008 and 2009 ["The Times 3 January 2009 - Chancellor on edge of second bailout for banks."] Is that ethos still alive in the digital currency space today, the drive to bring down the enormous person? CZ: I have even more a fair view here. Some in the crypto space are against banks, fiat, and so forth., while others think digital forms of money are utilized by drug masters. Those are two extraordinary perspectives. My view is that digital money offers opportunities - a further extent of opportunity in exchanges, ventures, property, reserve funds, and so on. We are simply offering another choice for clients who esteem that opportunity and control. I'm not against any bank or any single individual. I think crypto offers a higher opportunity of cash, and thusly we need to give more individuals admittance to crypto… If I don't care for the banks, I simply don't utilize them. Where do you feel the equalization lies between the legislature securing its residents as opposed to encouraging advancement? CZ: I accept governments ought to be public administrations. They ought to give streets and fire departments...Whenever there is government intercession, it is awful for the economy. At whatever point an administration encourages one gathering, it naturally harms another. The administration influences the parity of the economy giving assistance to a gathering that isn't sufficiently serious to remain alive. So at whatever point an administration rescues huge banks, or any business so far as that is concerned, they just appear as though they are making a difference. I have confidence in a free economy, and I buy into that way of thinking unequivocally. Much obliged to you for your understanding, CZ. More information about PrivateX: www.privatex.io PrivateX is a private wallet for sending, receiving, and storing your Bitcoin and Ethereum. If you are interested in services, contact us [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) #moneylaundering#privatex#buybitcoin24#binance#huobiglobal#kraken#crypto#bitcoin#consulting24#buybitcoin#buybitcoinnow#blockchain#startacompanyinestonia#companyinestonia#estonia#cryptoexchanges#privatexcoin
Sàn Bittrex và những điều cần được giải đáp từ A đến Z
Sàn Bittrex là một trong các sàn tiền ảo có giao dịch lớn nhất trên thế giới tính theo khối lượng giao dịch. Bộ API của nó cho phép giao dịch nhanh chóng và dễ dàng. Đồng thời, hệ thống giám sát tự động của nó cung cấp tiền gửi và rút tiền nhanh chóng, làm cho nó trở thành một sàn giao dịch lý tưởng cho những người muốn giao dịch hiệu quả trên quy mô lớn. Được thành lập bởi các kỹ sư có kiến thức nền tảng về an ninh mạng khiến nó trở thành một trong những sàn giao dịch an toàn hơn hiện đang hoạt động. Bài viết hôm nay chúng ta sẽ cùng nhau bàn về tất tần tật mọi khía cạnh của sàn Bittrex cũng như hướng dẫn cách đăng ký tài khoản dành cho những người mới.
Bittrex là gì ?
https://preview.redd.it/z22be5e2xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=a72d24f8a35ad18bb41131ec297c5498fb00d8ce Giao diện sàn Bittrex Bittrex là một sàn giao dịch kỳ cựu hướng tới các nhà giao dịch có kinh nghiệm. Có trụ sở tại Seattle, Hoa Kỳ và Lichtenstein (Bittrex Global), nó cho phép mua trực tiếp tiền điện tử bằng cách sử dụng đô la Mỹ cũng như giao dịch giữa hơn 220 loại tiền điện tử thông qua công cụ giao dịch mạnh mẽ với giao diện đẹp mắt. Bittrex cũng có một bộ API của riêng mình, có thể được sử dụng để giao dịch tự động với bot. Đã được đưa ra bởi các nhân viên cũ của Microsoft và Amazon, một trong những điểm thu hút lớn nhất của nó là khả năng bảo mật mạnh mẽ (nó chưa bao giờ bị tấn công). Các đặc quyền khác của việc sử dụng sàn giao dịch Bittrex bao gồm tính thanh khoản cao, tính khả dụng trên toàn thế giới (bao gồm cả các nhà giao dịch từ Hoa Kỳ), ứng dụng di động hữu ích và phí giao dịch thấp. Các tính năng đáng chú ý của sàn giao dịch Bittrex bao gồm:
Hơn 220 loại tiền điện tử. Giao dịch Bitcoin, Litecoin, XRP và các đồng tiền hàng đầu ít được biết đến khác để thu được lợi nhuận lớn.
Nền tảng mạnh mẽ, bảo mật và đáng tin cậy. Bittrex được thành lập bởi các cựu kỹ sư bảo mật và chưa từng bị hack trước đây. Bên cạnh đó, nó tuân thủ các quy định, làm cho nó trở thành một sàn giao dịch đáng tin cậy.
Bittrex cho phép bạn gửi và rút tiền tệ fiat trực tiếp vào tài khoản ngân hàng của bạn. Nếu bạn muốn nạp tiền vào tài khoản của mình một cách nhanh chóng, bạn có thể sử dụng tính năng gửi tiền bằng thẻ tín dụng / thẻ ghi nợ, tính năng này gần như tức thì và chỉ tốn 3% cho mỗi giao dịch. G
iao dịch thông minh trên di động. Ứng dụng di động Bittrex dành cho Android và iOS cho phép bạn giao dịch các thị trường tiền điện tử yêu thích của mình mọi lúc mọi nơi.
Đội ngũ hỗ trợ khách hàng hữu ích. Bittrex có một nền tảng kiến thức sâu rộng, dạy cho người dùng tất cả những gì họ cần biết về giao dịch trên nền tảng của nó. Nếu điều đó không hữu ích, bạn sẽ mời qua Zendesk.
Nhìn chung, Bittrex là một sàn giao dịch tiền điện tử lâu năm, phù hợp nhất cho các nhà đầu tư doanh nghiệp muốn tiếp xúc với thị trường tiền điện tử. Nhiều loại tiền điện tử, bảo mật cấp cao và phí tương đối thấp là một ưu đãi tuyệt vời cho hầu hết những người đam mê tiền điện tử.
Những câu hỏi thường gặp về sàn Bittrex
Dưới đây là một số câu hỏi mà nhà đầu tư khi tìm hiểu rất thắc mắc về sàn Bittrex
Trang web này có cung cấp cho người dùng giao dịch ký quỹ không?
Không, nền tảng này không cung cấp dịch vụ như vậy, nhưng việc quản lý dịch vụ đang làm việc tại đó.
Có khả năng mở nhiều tài khoản bởi một người không?
Bạn có thể có nhiều tài khoản trên trang web này. Tuy nhiên, bạn nên liên hệ với nhóm hỗ trợ và thông báo cho họ về việc bạn muốn tạo nhiều tài khoản dưới cùng một ID. Hãy nhớ rằng tài khoản do một người tạo không thể giao dịch với nhau.
Các cách rút tiền trên Bittrex là gì?
Người dùng của trang web này không thể rút tiền của họ bằng USD, nhưng họ có thể rút tiền bằng Bitcoin. Nếu bạn muốn nhận tiền của mình bằng đô la, vui lòng truy cập trang ví và tạo một địa chỉ mới bằng ví bạn định nhận tiền. Bạn có thể tìm thấy danh sách phí rút tiền Bittrex hiện tại trên trang web.
Phí giao dịch trên sàn Bittrex
Bittrex tính phí hoa hồng 0,2% cho tất cả các giao dịch. Ví dụ: nếu khách hàng mua một bitcoin với giá 10.000 USD, điều này có nghĩa là họ sẽ trả khoảng 20 USD tiền hoa hồng. So với các sàn giao dịch tiền điện tử khác như Binance, Kraken và Bitfinex, phí giao dịch cơ sở của Bittrex chiếm vị trí trung bình – đây không phải là sàn giao dịch rẻ nhất hay đắt nhất dành cho các nhà giao dịch khối lượng thấp. Khi nói đến phí gửi và rút tiền, Bittrex cho phép bạn nạp tiền vào tài khoản đã xác minh của mình bằng thẻ ngân hàng (VISA), chuyển khoản ngân hàng, chuyển khoản SEPA hoặc tiền điện tử. Tiền gửi bằng VISA đi kèm với phí 3%, trong khi chi phí chuyển khoản phụ thuộc vào ngân hàng của bạn. Theo nguyên tắc chung, chuyển khoản SEPA có xu hướng rẻ hơn và nhanh hơn so với chuyển khoản ngân hàng truyền thống. Đối với phí gửi tiền điện tử, Bittrex không tính phí bất kỳ khoản phí nào, bao gồm cả tiền gửi fiat. Tuy nhiên, nó có tính phí rút tiền, với giá của chúng thay đổi tùy theo loại tiền điện tử được rút. Bittrex nhìn chung khá cạnh tranh khi nói đến phí rút tiền. Điều đó nói rằng, chúng không phải là lựa chọn rẻ nhất hiện có khi nói đến giao dịch hoặc rút tiền với khối lượng thấp cho bất kỳ loại tiền điện tử cụ thể nào. Mặc dù vậy, các nhà giao dịch khối lượng lớn vẫn đủ điều kiện để được giảm giá đáng kể khi khối lượng giao dịch trong 30 ngày của họ tăng lên.
Đánh giá về sàn Bittrex
Dưới đây là một số đánh giá của người dùng trên các diễn đàn tiền điện tử về sàn tiền ảo uy tín Bittrex
Điều hướng trực quan
Ví đáng tin cậy
Thực hiện giao dịch nhanh chóng
Nền tảng được quy định bởi luật pháp Hoa Kỳ
Những người sáng lập hỗ trợ cả blockchain mới và đã thành lập
Trang web không bao giờ bị tấn công Người dùng có thể gửi tiền mà không có bất kỳ giới hạn nào
Xác thực hai yếu tố (2FA)
Tạo tài khoản miễn phí
Hạn mức rút tiền hợp lý
Người dùng phải đợi lâu để nhận được phản hồi từ bộ phận hỗ trợ khách hàng
Quá trình xác minh có thể mất một chút thời gian
Hướng dẫn mở tài khoản Bittrex
Làm theo các bước sau để tạo và xác minh tài khoản Bittrex. Khách hàng của Bittrex Global sẽ được tự động chuyển hướng đến trang đăng ký Bittrex Global. Tất cả tài khoản Bittrex phải được xác minh. Lưu ý: Tất cả các tài khoản Bittrex chỉ được tạo bởi một địa chỉ email duy nhất, đây cũng là tên người dùng để đăng nhập vào tài khoản. Quá trình tạo và xác minh tài khoản bao gồm nhiều biện pháp bảo mật để ngăn chặn truy cập trái phép và bảo vệ tài khoản Bittrex của bạn. Hãy kiên nhẫn và làm theo tất cả các hướng dẫn một cách cẩn thận. Để bắt đầu quá trình đăng ký tài khoản, hãy truy cập: https://www.bittrex.com/Account/Register
Nhập địa chỉ email của bạn vào trường địa chỉ email. Địa chỉ email này cũng sẽ được sử dụng làm tên người dùng Bittrex của bạn. Nhập mật khẩu vào trường mật khẩu. Mật khẩu phải dài ít nhất 8 ký tự. Để tăng cường bảo mật cho mật khẩu, bạn nên tạo mật khẩu gồm 12 ký tự trở lên bao gồm cả chữ cái, số và ký hiệu đặc biệt.
Xác minh Email
Nhấp vào Create Account. Một email xác minh sẽ được gửi cho bạn. Truy cập vào hộp thư đến của email và nhấp vào liên kết “Verify Email” trong email để xác minh địa chỉ email của bạn. Sau khi xác minh thành công địa chỉ email của bạn, bạn sẽ được yêu cầu xem xét kỹ điều khoản dịch vụ. Khi bạn đã đọc, hiểu và đồng ý với tất cả các điều kiện và hạn chế để sở hữu và sử dụng tài khoản Bittrex, hãy nhấp vào Accept Terms. https://preview.redd.it/u7vq1jc4xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=cc1df4684b70d223456a48f415d43935e0820da3 Xác nhận email khi đăng ký sàn Bittrex
Hoàn thành thông tin cơ bản khi đăng ký sàn Bittrex
Nhấn Continue để chuyển sang xác minh hồ sơ cá nhân. Tất cả tài khoản Bittrex phải được xác minh bằng giấy tờ tùy thân do chính phủ cấp. Để bắt đầu quá trình, hãy nhấp vào Start Verification. Bạn sẽ được yêu cầu chụp ảnh nhận dạng chính thức của chính phủ và ảnh tự chụp khuôn mặt để xác minh danh tính của mình. Bạn nên sử dụng hộ chiếu cho ID. Đây là thông tin nhận dạng được chấp nhận rộng rãi nhất trên thế giới. Thực hiện theo các hướng dẫn xác minh ID một cách cẩn thận. Các hình ảnh cần thiết có thể được chụp trên thiết bị của bạn hoặc tải lên từ một tệp. Bạn sẽ cần chụp ảnh mặt trước của giấy tờ tùy thân và ảnh tự chụp. Nếu tải lên tài liệu không phải là hộ chiếu, bạn cũng có thể được yêu cầu phải gửi hình ảnh mặt sau của ID. Tải lên ảnh tự chụp không tương thích. Bạn phải sử dụng thiết bị có camera để chụp ảnh tự sướng khi được nhắc nhở . Nếu bạn đang sử dụng máy tính không có camera, vui lòng chọn Quốc gia / Khu vực phát hành và Loại ID. Trang tiếp theo sẽ nhắc bạn gửi ID của mình, bạn có thể chọn Switch to mobile để tiếp tục trên thiết bị di động của bạn. Chọn tùy chọn phù hợp nhất với bạn (email, mã QR, liên kết sao chép) để tiếp tục trên thiết bị di động của bạn. Bằng cách gửi ảnh tự chụp bản thân, người dùng có thể tránh được lý do khiến mọi người gặp phải sự chậm trễ trong việc xác minh danh tính. Hãy đảm bảo luôn mở trang web của bạn trong khi sử dụng thiết bị di động của bạn.Bất kỳ tệp được gửi nào không đáp ứng các yêu cầu này sẽ tự động bị lỗi. Nếu điều này xảy ra, bạn sẽ được hướng dẫn lặp lại các bước xác minh với một số mẹo về cách gửi xác minh thành công. Sau ba lần thử không thành công, bạn sẽ phải gửi phiếu hỗ trợ để được hỗ trợ bạn trong quá trình xác minh. https://preview.redd.it/avf1ffm5xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=52c3b3dfe13c4b58ef3435df149b29e359ed727a Xác minh thông tin trên sàn Bittrex Quá trình xác minh ID có thể mất đến 10 phút để phê duyệt. Bạn phải luôn mở trang web trong khi quá trình xác minh đang xử lý. Sau khi xác minh ID thành công, bạn sẽ tự động được chuyển sang bước tiếp theo của quy trình. Để tuân thủ các quy định của Hoa Kỳ và xác minh thêm danh tính của bạn, bạn sẽ được yêu cầu cung cấp số an sinh xã hội của mình. Nếu bạn không có số an sinh xã hội, chọn No và hệ thống sẽ yêu cầu bạn gửi số hộ chiếu để thay thế. Khi danh tính của bạn đã được xác minh thành công, bạn sẽ nhận được một thông báo cho biết bạn đã xác minh danh tính thành công. Để bắt đầu sử dụng tài khoản Bittrex mới của bạn, hãy nhấp vào Start Trading!
Hướng dẫn gửi/rút tiền trên sàn Bittrex
Trước khi bạn có thể mua hoặc bán bất kỳ thứ gì trên Bittrex, bạn sẽ cần gửi tiền vào đó để giao dịch. Bạn có thể gửi đô la Mỹ, Bitcoin hoặc altcoin vào tài khoản của mình. Đối với tiền tệ fiat có hơi rắc rối một chút khi bạn buộc phải nhấp vào liên kết này và điền đầy đủ thông tin yêu cầu của Bittrex bittrexglobal.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/requests/new?ticket_form_id=360000352300 và chờ từ 5-10 ngày để được xét duyệt gửi tiền vào Bittrex. Còn đối với gửi tiền điện tử, hãy theo dõi những bước cụ thể dưới đây, đừng quên xác minh tài khoản của bạn trước khi bắt đầu.
Nhấp vào “Holdings” ở phía trên bên phải của trang web.
Tìm kiếm ví bạn sẽ gửi và nhấp vào “Gửi” trong tab Hành động.
Để gửi tiền, vui lòng sao chép địa chỉ Ví của bạn. Nếu bạn không có địa chỉ ví, hãy nhấp vào “Generate new wallet address”. Nếu ví đang được bảo trì, bạn sẽ thấy thông báo biển báo màu vàng chấm than
Trên thanh menu chọn lệnh Market. Ở giao diện này bạn sẽ thấy được thị trường đang hoạt động của các đồng tiền điện tử được phép giao dịch trên sàn Bittrex. Click vào một loiaj mà bạn muốn mua/bán. Ví dụ ở bài viết bài là đồng BTC USD. Chọn Buy sau đó nhập số lượng BTC và giá cần mua, hệ thống sẽ tự động hiển thị tổng cộng giao dịch cần thanh toán bao gồm cả phí. Nhấn Place Buy Order để mở giao dịch bán. Và tương tự như vậy cho hành động Sell. https://preview.redd.it/4697axv6xrx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=87500bc63d5b58ba0ccd0dc2c6fda664ec1d6c85 Mua bán tiền ảo trên sàn Bittrex
Bittrex là một sàn tiền ảo lâu năm và uy tín. Vì vậy đa số những người mới tham gia đầu tư tiền điện tử đều có nhu cầu tìm hiểu về sàn Bittrex. Hy vọng bài viết trên đây sẽ giúp được bạn đọc có những nhìn nhận tổng quát nhất về sàn tiền ảo uy tín này và biết được cách đăng ký tài khoản. Để biết thêm thông tin về các sàn tiền ảo tốt nhất đừng quên đọc thêm các bài viết khác của chúng tôi nhé.Xem thêm: Sàn OKEx và tất tần tật những điều liên quan mà bạn cần phải biết
Sàn giao dịch tiền ảo uy tín trên thế giới - Top 4 sàn của năm
Đầu tư vào Bitcoin hoặc các loại tiền điện tử khác lúc đầu có thể lo sợ vì thường xuyên có những tin tức về lừa đảo và người mất tiền từ đầu từ Bitcoin. Mặc dù điều này là đúng và nhiều vụ lừa đảo đã xảy ra và tiếp tục xảy ra, nhưng chưa bao giờ việc đầu tư vào tiền điện tử lại đơn giản như bây giờ. Quá nhiều tiến bộ trong vài năm qua đã giúp giao dịch trên các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo trở nên an toàn và dễ dàng. Mối quan tâm hàng đầu khi giao dịch và mua Bitcoin hoặc các loại tiền điện tử khác là an toàn và bảo mật. Cho dù bạn có ý định mua và nắm giữ lâu dài hoặc muốn giao dịch thường xuyên, quan tâm đến tính ẩn danh hoặc quyền riêng tư hoặc chỉ đơn giản là muốn dễ sử dụng. Các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo dưới đây là nơi tốt nhất để bạn có thể giao dịch. Tuy nhiên để hiểu hơn và chọn được đúng sàn giao dịch thích hợp thì trước mắt bạn nên biết và hiểu về các loại sàn giao dịch.
Các loại sàn giao dịch
Có 2 loại sàn giao dịch mà hiện nay đang được các nhà đầu tư sử dụng.
Sàn tập trung
Loại trao đổi đầu tiên và phổ biến nhất là trao đổi tập trung. Các sàn giao dịch phổ biến thuộc loại này là Coinbase, Binance, Kraken và Gemini. Các sàn giao dịch này là các công ty tư nhân cung cấp các nền tảng để giao dịch tiền điện tử. Các sàn giao dịch này yêu cầu đăng ký và nhận dạng khách hàng. Các sàn giao dịch sắp được phân tích dưới đây có giao dịch sôi động, khối lượng và thanh khoản cao. Điều đó nói rằng, các sàn giao dịch tập trung không phù hợp với triết lý của Bitcoin. Họ chạy trên các máy chủ riêng của họ, điều này tạo ra một vectơ tấn công. Nếu máy chủ của công ty bị xâm phạm, toàn bộ hệ thống có thể bị đóng cửa trong một thời gian. Tệ hơn nữa, dữ liệu nhạy cảm về người dùng của nó có thể bị phát tán. Các sàn giao dịch tập trung lớn, phổ biến đến nay là cách dễ dàng nhất cho người mới đầu tư và họ thậm chí còn cung cấp một số mức bảo hiểm nếu hệ thống của họ bị lỗi. Mặc dù điều này là đúng, nhưng khi tiền điện tử được mua trên các sàn giao dịch này nó được lưu trữ trong ví giám sát của họ chứ không phải trong ví của riêng bạn mà bạn sở hữu chìa khóa. Bảo hiểm được chi trả chỉ khi việc trao đổi bị lỗi. Ví dụ: nếu máy tính và tài khoản Coinbase của bạn bị xâm phạm, tiền của bạn sẽ bị mất và bạn sẽ khó có khả năng yêu cầu hưởng bảo hiểm. Đây là lý do tại sao điều quan trọng khi đầu tư tiền ảo là rút được bất kỳ khoản tiền lớn nào và thực hành lưu trữ an toàn ra sao.
Sàn phi tập trung
Các sàn giao dịch phi tập trung hoạt động theo cách giống như Bitcoin. Một sàn giao dịch phi tập trung không có điểm kiểm soát trung tâm. Thay vào đó, hãy nghĩ về nó như một máy chủ, ngoại trừ việc mỗi máy tính trong máy chủ được trải rộng trên toàn thế giới và mỗi máy tính tạo nên một phần của máy chủ đó được kiểm soát bởi một cá nhân. Nếu một trong những máy tính này tắt, nó sẽ không ảnh hưởng đến mạng nói chung vì có rất nhiều máy tính khác sẽ tiếp tục chạy mạng. Điều này khác hẳn so với một công ty kiểm soát máy chủ ở một vị trí duy nhất. Tấn công một thứ gì đó được dàn trải và phi tập trung theo cách này khó hơn đáng kể, khiến cho bất kỳ cuộc tấn công nào như vậy trở nên không thực tế và có khả năng không thành công. Do sự phân quyền này, các loại sàn giao dịch này không thể tuân theo các quy tắc của bất kỳ cơ quan quản lý nào, vì không có cá nhân hoặc nhóm cụ thể nào điều hành hệ thống. Các cá nhân tham gia có thể tự do đến và đi vì không có ai hoặc không có tổ chức chính phủ, cơ quan nào có thể theo dõi, quản lý. Điều này có nghĩa là những người giao dịch trên nền tảng không phải khai báo danh tính của họ và được tự do sử dụng nền tảng theo bất kỳ cách nào họ chọn, cho dù hợp pháp hay không.
Các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo uy tín
Dưới đây là một số sàn giao dịch tiền ảo uy tín được nhiều người sử dụng nhất trên thế giới.
Những người quan tâm đến giao dịch altcoin sẽ không tìm thấy nhiều như một số sàn giao dịch khác
Phí giao dịch từ $ 0,99 đến $ 2,99 tùy thuộc vào giá trị đô la của giao dịch mua.
Trong khi ngành công nghiệp tiền điện tử đầy rẫy những đồng tiền gian lận và các sàn giao dịch mờ ám, thì Coinbase đã tránh được những nghi vấn đó. Coinbase cung cấp một sàn giao dịch cực kỳ dễ sử dụng, giảm đáng kể rào cản nhập ngành đối với ngành đầu tư tiền điện tử – vốn thường được coi là khó hiểu và phức tạp. Coinbase cũng cung cấp ví giám sát được bảo hiểm cho các nhà đầu tư và doanh nhân để lưu trữ các khoản đầu tư của họ. Điều quan trọng cần lưu ý là, nếu tài khoản của bạn bị xâm phạm do chính bạn để xảy ra sơ suất thì bảo hiểm này sẽ không áp dụng. Các tài khoản giám sát này rất thuận tiện cho những người dùng mới khi chân ướt chân ráo bước vào nghề. Nhưng khóa riêng của các đồng tiền ảo trong đó thuộc sở hữu của Coinbase chứ không phải của nhà đầu tư. Ngoài ra, Coinbase cũng cung cấp phiên bản Coinbase Pro miễn phí có cấu trúc phí khác, nhưng rẻ hơn và nhiều tùy chọn hơn về biểu đồ và chỉ số. Coinbase Pro là một bước đi hoàn hảo tiếp theo cho những ai đã học được các kỹ năng sử dụng Coinbase. Coinbase Pro cung cấp hoàn thiện tổng thể bằng cách thêm các tính năng mà người dùng cao cấp muốn.
Cash App – Lựa chọn tốt nhất cho người mới bắt đầu
https://preview.redd.it/8gqwlbi4ljx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=8276824759798efcaf0f4ed55bab7f1ca5f5430c Sàn giao dịch tiền ảo Cash App Cash App là một hệ thống chuyển tiền giống như Venmo. Loại hình dịch vụ này cho phép người dùng tách ra các việc ăn uống, trả tiền thuê phòng cho bạn cùng phòng hoặc thậm chí mua sắm trực tuyến tại nhà bán lẻ mà có hỗ trợ Cash App. Cash App về cơ bản có thể hoạt động như một tài khoản ngân hàng và người dùng có thể có thẻ ghi nợ Cash App của riêng họ. Bản thân dịch vụ này rất tiện lợi và còn có nhiều tính năng tuyệt vời hơn.Ưu điểm
Chuyển tiền như Venmo hoặc Zelle
Khả năng rút Bitcoin
Giao diện người dùng cực kỳ đơn giản, thích hợp cho người mới bắt đầu
Chỉ cho phép đầu tư Bitcoin tại thời điểm này
Phí 3% khi gửi tiền qua thẻ tín dụng được liên kết
Giới hạn rút Bitcoin trị giá 2.000 đô la trong vòng 24 giờ
Tính phí dịch vụ cho mỗi giao dịch. Nó cũng tính một khoản phí được xác định bởi sự biến động giá cả. Các khoản phí này thay đổi tùy thuộc vào hoạt động của thị trường.
Cash App cũng cho phép người dùng đầu tư vào cổ phiếu, ETF và tiền điện tử theo cách tương tự như Robinhood. Giao diện này ưu tiên trên thiết bị di động và sàn giao dịch này rất dễ tìm hiểu và sử dụng rất lý tưởng cho những nhà đầu tư lần đầu. Ngoài việc cung cấp hệ thống thanh toán như Venmo và nền tảng đầu tư như Robinhood, Cash App có khả năng cho người dùng rút các khoản đầu tư tiền điện tử về ví của riêng bạn. Đây là lý do chính mà Cash App là lựa chọn tốt nhất cho những người mới bắt đầu tìm mua Bitcoin. Khả năng rút tiền điện tử từ một sàn giao dịch là cực kỳ quan trọng trong cộng đồng đầu tư tiền điện tử. Với Robinhood, bạn có thể đầu tư và giao dịch tiền điện tử nhưng bạn không thể rút và chi tiêu theo cách bạn muốn. Nhiều người trong cộng đồng tiền điện tử gọi khái niệm này là “not your keys, not your coin”. Điều này có nghĩa là nếu bạn không giữ các chìa khóa cá nhân của ví nơi mà tiền được lưu trữ trong đó thì chúng thực sự không thuộc sở hữu của bạn.
Phí thấp hơn các sàn giao dịch thường được sử dụng khác
Nhiều loại tiền điện tử và các cặp giao dịch
Biểu đồ nâng cao hơn
Hướng đến người dùng nâng cao hơn
Binance US có ít cặp giao dịch hơn so với đối tác quốc tế, mặc dù nó vẫn có hơn 100 cặp giao dịch
13 tiểu bang của Hoa Kỳ, như New York, không được Binance US hỗ trợ
Phí: 0,1% cho phía người mua và 0,1% cho phía nhà sản xuất. Điều này giảm với khối lượng thương mại xuống 0,02% cho cả hai bên. Sử dụng tiền điện tử gốc của Binance, BNB, giảm phí 25%.
Hiện tại, Binance thống trị thị trường giao dịch toàn cầu, chiếm một phần đáng kể khối lượng giao dịch tiền điện tử hàng ngày. Sàn giao dịch hiện không cho phép gửi tiền bằng đô la Mỹ nhưng nó cho phép bạn trực tiếp mua một số loại tiền điện tử được chọn bằng thẻ tín dụng hoặc thẻ ghi nợ. Cho phép gửi tiền bằng hơn 20 loại tiền tệ fiat khác, bao gồm cả Euro. Binance phù hợp nhất với những người muốn giao dịch hoặc đầu tư vào các Altcoin ít được biết đến hơn. Ví dụ: Coinbase chỉ cung cấp 22 loại tiền điện tử khác nhau để giao dịch trong khi Binance có hơn 150. Binance là sàn giao dịch lý tưởng cho bất kỳ ai muốn giao dịch Altcoin hoặc bất kỳ ai muốn có biểu đồ nâng cao hơn các sàn giao dịch khác.
Bisq – Sàn giao dịch tiền ảo phi tập trung tốt nhất
26 tùy chọn thanh toán khác nhau, bao gồm cả Zelle
Ứng dụng di động cho cả Android và iOS
Tốc độ giao dịch phụ thuộc vào phương thức thanh toán và có thể chậm trễ trong một số trường hợp
Khối lượng giao dịch thấp
Không thực sự được thiết kế để có được giao dịch tích cực nhất
Phí giao dịch phải trả bằng BTC hoặc BSQ (tiền điện tử gốc của mạng). Khi thanh toán các khoản phí bằng Bitcoin, chi phí để giao dịch một Bitcoin là 0,20% đối với phía người bán và 0,60% đối với phía người mua. Khi thanh toán phí bằng BSQ, phí giao dịch một Bitcoin là 0,10 đối với phía người bán và 0,30% đối với phía người mua.
Trong khi nhiều người cho rằng điều này mở ra nhiều khả năng để cho tội phạm hoạt động (tương tự như hoạt động phạm tội sử dụng tiền mặt). Nó cũng ngay lập tức cấp các đơn vị tài khoản cho các cá nhân ở các nước có hệ thống ngân hàng kém phát triển. Có hàng triệu người trên thế giới không có quyền truy cập vào tài khoản ngân hàng hoặc phương tiện để giao dịch bởi vì quốc gia của họ có thể không có đủ cơ sở hạ tầng tài chính thích hợp hoặc các cá nhân có thể không có giấy tờ tùy thân do chính phủ cấp. Bitcoin, được sử dụng song song với một sàn giao dịch phi tập trung như Bisq, có thể là một giải pháp tốt trong những trường hợp này. Bisq là một phần mềm có thể tải xuống để trao đổi Bitcoin và tiền điện tử phân quyền ngang hàng. Điều này có nghĩa là Bisq không có điểm trung tâm của thất bại và không thể bị hạ gục, giống như chính Bitcoin. Bisq là không giám sát, có nghĩa là không ai khác ngoài người dùng chạm vào hoặc kiểm soát tiền của người dùng. Điều này khác với các sàn giao dịch tập trung như Coinbase, vì Coinbase kiểm soát tiền của người dùng trong một tài khoản giám sát mà người dùng không có khóa riêng tư. Trong trường hợp đó, Coinbase có quyền thu giữ tiền của bạn nếu xét thấy hoạt động tài khoản của bạn đáng ngờ cho dù hoạt động đó có thực sự hợp pháp ở địa điểm của bạn hay không. Bisq có thể truy cập ngay lập tức cho bất kỳ ai có máy tính hoặc điện thoại thông minh vì không có quy trình đăng ký hoặc quy tắc KYC nào. Điều này làm cho nó trở thành sàn tiền ảo tốt nhấtcho những người tìm kiếm sự riêng tư, những người bất đồng chính kiến sống trong một chế độ áp bức hoặc bất kỳ ai không có bất kỳ giấy tờ tùy thân nào do chính phủ cấp. Bisq cung cấp giao dịch một số loại tiền tệ fiat khác nhau bao gồm USD, cũng như Bitcoin và một số loại tiền điện tử khác. Các đặc điểm phân quyền ngang hàng của Bisq có thể hiểu là khối lượng giao dịch thấp và giao dịch chậm hơn, nhưng đối với một số người, điều này rất xứng đáng.
Mỗi sàn giao dịch tiền ảo đều có những lợi thế đặc trưng của riêng mình. Tùy thuộc vào cấp độ đầu tư của bạn để có thể đưa ra những lựa chọn sàn giao dịch hợp lý cho bản thân. Hy vọng bài phân tích các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo uy tín trên thế giới trên đây đã cung cấp cho bạn đọc những thông tin hữu ích về các sàn giao dịch. Bạn đọc có thể tìm hiểu kỹ hơn về tiền ảo và cách mua bán tiền ảo hiệu quả tại các bài viết khác của chúng tôi.Xem thêm: Các ví tiền ảo uy tín nhất trong năm 2020 mà bạn nên biết
Hi, Im in the UK & looking for the best way to make an investment in XRP. I’ve brought bitcoin in the past for online purchases etc, but XRP is new to me. Navigating resources out there is a little confusing, as different sources appear to offer conflicting advice. What I gather is that it may be worth converting GBP to EUR with my revolut account first, as EUR seems to get a better rate on cryptocurrency platforms, I’m not sure how true that is though? I then send EUR to binance or coinbase to convert to BTC/ETH. Here’s where it gets confusing again: many people appear to recommend sending these cryptocurrencies to another platform (Kraken?) to then convert to XRP. From what I can tell binance / coinbase allow conversion to XRP. Why would I add the extra step of using another platform, does it avoid additional fees? I Then send to a cryptowallet. Do you guys have any recommendations for software (preferably android) crypto wallets that can store XRP? im a little lost with that too, as there appear to be so many options. Any advice here is much appreciated, Thanks
What important crypto events happened last week? Cryptocurrencies Monero Presents New Legal Framework In Defense Of Privacy Coins Riccardo Spagni presented the result of more than a year's work. A whitepaper titled "Anti-Money Laundering Regulation of Privacy-Enabling Cryptocurrencies" has been published. The document was conceived as a new legal framework to protect confidential coins such as Monero, Zcash, Dash, Komodo, and others. Tether Is Moving 1 Billion More USDT Coins From TRON To Ethereum Blockchain The total supply of coins will not change. The company carried out the swap on September 15, coordinating its actions "with a third party". In recent weeks, this is the second such stablecoin transfer between blockchains — on August 20, the issuer also moved USDT 1 billion from Tron to Ethereum. Another piece of news about Tether: USDT capitalization exceeded $15 billion, having increased by $3 billion in just a month. Projects and Updates Kraken Receives Licence To Establish First U.S Digital Assets Bank The Kraken Bitcoin exchange was the first in the United States to receive the status of a special purpose depository institution (SPDI), giving it the functions of a traditional financial institution. The corresponding application of the Californian company was approved by the Wyoming Banking Council. This will allow Kraken to opt-out of third-party vendors to perform certain banking functions on its own. Official Ethereum Proof-of-Stake Algorithm Proposal Published Ethereum Foundation Lead Developer Danny Ryan has published the official proposal EIP-2982, which suggests the launch of Ethereum 2.0 and the transition from the Proof-of-Work consensus algorithm to Proof-of-Stake. If approved by other leading developers, it will be possible to launch Serenity, Ethereum 2.0 phase zero. Within its framework, the Beacon Chain will be activated, which will use Proof-of-Stake. Uniswap Provides All Its Users With $1.200 Leading decentralized exchange (DEX) Uniswap has released the UNI governance token. It was listed on the Binance exchange almost immediately. About 13000 Uniswap users have already requested tokens. Regulations New Draft Law Suggests The European Union Is Set To Regulate Cryptocurrencies The European Commission proposed to establish a legal framework for cryptocurrencies, security tokens, and stablecoins by analogy with the requirements for traditional financial instruments. This is stated in the Cryptocurrency Asset Markets Bill. The bill proposes to treat cryptocurrency assets like any other financial instrument. According to the European Commission, this will provide legal clarity. Digital Assets Recognized As Securities In Nigeria The regulator clarified that cryptocurrencies offer public alternative investment opportunities. Digital assets can be used as a medium of exchange, settlement, and accumulation. In order to protect investors from risks and not violate the integrity of the market, crypto assets must be controlled on an equal basis with securities. The main task of regulation is not to discourage the development of new technologies, but to ensure fair market competition and adherence to ethical standards. Hacking Japanese Crypto Exchange Sues Binance for Role in $63 Million Bitcoin Hack The Japanese company Fisco Cryptocurrency Exchange, Inc has filed a US lawsuit against Binance Holdings Ltd., accusing it of providing a service to launder cryptocurrency stolen from the Zaif exchange in 2018. Fisco acquired Zaif in 2018 shortly after the hack. Over $9 million in stolen assets could have been funneled through Binance. The company notes that analysts were able to track the movement of all stolen $63 million to one bitcoin address. Subsequently, 1,451.7 BTC were sent from it to Binance addresses. New Virus Attacks Microsoft SQL Database Servers For Monero Mining Tencent's cybersecurity division has discovered a new miner virus called MrbMiner. The tactics of the virus are quite simple — the botnet scans the available IP addresses in search of Microsoft SQL servers, and if it detects such, it tries to log in under the administrator account using a brute-force password. If successful, the virus downloads the assm.exe file, which implements a reboot mechanism and creates a special account for hackers to access the server. After that, MrbMiner downloads a miner for mining the anonymous cryptocurrency Monero (XMR). Mass adoption Bahamas Geared to Launch Central Bank Digital Currency The Bahamas wants to be the first country in the world to roll out a government-backed virtual currency nationwide and announced they will launch a central bank-issued cryptocurrency (CBDC) in October. The digital currency, dubbed "sand dollar", is designed to increase the financial availability of remote islands within the archipelago state. Alibaba On Track To Be The Largest Blockchain Patent Holder By End Of 2020 Computer giant IBM risks losing the title of the largest blockchain patent holder to the Chinese corporation Alibaba. Since the beginning of the year, Alibaba has published ten times more patents than its closest competitor, IBM. According to analysts, if the pace is maintained, the Chinese corporation will become the largest patent holder by the end of the year. France Begins Central Bank Digital Currency Testing Société Générale — one of the largest financial conglomerates in Europe — will test the central bank digital currency (CBDC) on the Tezos blockchain. The Bank of France, as a result of the selection of partners, chose the Forge blockchain platform to test CBDC for interbank settlements. As part of the experiment, the feasibility of digitizing financial securities and the possibility of settlements on them using CBDC will be studied. In addition to Nomadic Labs, several technology service providers and consultants will participate in the testing. Kazakhstan Will Develop A Blockchain Service For Ensuring The Security Of Personal Data It will allow citizens of the country to control the use of their personal data. The service is planned to be introduced by the end of this year. People Kiss Rock Group Member Is Ready To Buy Bitcoin Gene Simmons supported Cameron Winklevoss's request to use bank accounts to buy Bitcoin and Ether. The co-founder of Gemini tweeted that people who do not have access to banking services find it difficult to become the owners of cryptocurrency and that they need to take advantage of the benefits. The musician commented as follows: "I will. I am." For this moment, the most common opinion on Twitter is that Simmons is already buying cryptocurrency and will continue to increase the amount of Bitcoin he owns. That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
BitMEX, Kraken, Binance, Bitcoin.com, Blockstream, Ethereum and others have all been in the news for various improprieties. They have all also wasted considerable energy trying to discredit Dr. Craig Wright and Bitcoin SV. Ethereum’s Vitalik Buterin called BSV a ‘complete scam ’, yet a report on digital asset crime in 2019 identified Ethereum as a hotbed for scams that is only getting ... Die Kraken Bitcoin-Börse ist derzeit die größte Börse, wenn es um den Handel mit Bitcoin in Euro, US-Dollar, Kanadischen Dollar, Japanischen Yen und GBP geht. Dies macht es zu einer idealen Wahl für alle, die in Bitcoin investieren möchten. Kraken ist derzeit die 35. größte Börse nach Handelsvolumen. Bis heute hat sie jedoch den ... Kraken had previously acquired bitcoin exchanges Coinsetter, Cavirtex and Clevercoin, as well as Glidera, a wallet funding business, and Cryptowatch, a trading and portfolio tracking platform. Binance und Kraken gehören zu den größten Börsen weltweit und würden damit viele XRP-Besitzer glücklich machen. Ein Snapshot der Konten, welche für den Airdrop in Frage kommen, wird am 12. Dezember dieses Jahres durchgeführt. Der Token wird im Verhältnis von 1:1 mit dem digitalen Vermögenswert XRP verteilt werden. Since then, Kraken has noted a whopping 49% increase in global requests (710 vs 475). 62% of those resulted in Kraken providing data, with U.S. authorities constituting the majority of requests ... Summary: 10 exchanges have pledged their support for the Spark token airdrop to XRP holders Notable exchanges include Poloniex, Bitrue and Uphold Binance, Kraken, eToro, SBI’s VC Trade are currently in discussions with Flare Networks to support the Spark token airdrop The list of crypto exchan... News; Bitmex Lost; Binance, Gemini, and Kraken Win. By. Daniel Kucher - October 3, 2020. 0. Share. Facebook. Twitter. Pinterest. WhatsApp. Linkedin. ReddIt . Tumblr. More than 41,000 Bitcoins were withdrawn from the stock market after the US filed a lawsuit against BitMEX, and this work mostly benefited the fronts of other cryptocurrency exchanges Binance, Gemini and Kraken. BitMEX, one of the ... Other Bitcoin exchanges, such as Gemini, Kraken, and Binance, all confirmed that they had also prevented crypto assets from flowing into the hackers' digital address. However, their com bined users did not send nearly as much Bitcoins as did Coinbase users.
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